Featured definitions will include:
Descenders are characters that drop below the baseline. The line or area that the descenders reach down to is known as the baseline. Letters this can be seen on are: g, j, p, q, y. Sometimes f can even be a descender too!
Ascenders are characters that extend above the middle line or the top of other characters. Letters that this can be seen on are: d, f, k, l, h, t.
The thickness each line within a character is called stroke weight. Stroke weights are measured from Ultra Thin (-7) to Ultra Black (+7).
Not to be confused with stroke weight, stroke contrast is the variation of thickness to thinness in the lines of each character.
X-height is the distance between the baseline and the mean line within a typeface. The picture below outlines where each line is located for better illustration.
Serif weight refers to the amount, or heaviness of the serif font. Compare and contrast the following serif fonts styles. Deviant Art lays out 12 different fonts for you to view:
The character shape looks at the overall appearance of the character. Is it round, oval or square? If you are having troubles determining the character shape, look at the letter “O” as a reference. Take a look at Dafont’s Techno Hideo font to better understand what I mean. If you reference the O in this font, you will see a more square appearance to the letters.
If you would like to learn more about the various terms listed above download our free e-book Finding Your Perfect Font Style. Our free e-book is an easy-to-follow guide that will help you break down common fonts and find which ones really strike your fancy.[hs_action id=”10390″]
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